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Battery School

General Battery Care Procedures

General deep cycle battery care procedures

Reasons Why Batteries Fail

General Difference Between Gel and Wet Batteries

State of Charge and Sulfation

Connect Your Batteries for Optimum Efficiency

Just A Little Corrosion Causes Big Voltage Drops

Don't Be Misled By Battery Ratings

For years “Cold Cranking Amps (CCA tested at 0 F) have been the industry standard of battery amp rating, but in recent years some battery marketers began testing their products at different temperatures, which result in different ratings.  “Cranking amps”(CA), sometimes called “Marine Cranking Amps”(MCA), for example, test battery performance at 32 F or 0 C, so the rating numbers will be higher than a CCA rating.  Since manufacturers’ specifications are based on 0 F, you may want to base your buying decision on the CCA rating.

That’s why it is important to remember, batteries displaying higher rating numbers don’t necessarily deliver more performance.  Check your battery catalog/replacement guide or your auto’s owner manual to make sure you are buying a product that meets your vehicle’s requirements-and be sure to take a good look at the temperature at which a battery has been tested and the reserve capacity.  If you don’t examine the battery label closely, you could end up with a product that is not really powerful enough to serve your vehicle.  With today’s electronically-sophisticated equipment, your vehicle depends on your battery more than ever.

You also may see a battery rated with “Hot Cranking Amps”(HCA) or some other unfamiliar rating.  Most products marketed with an HCA rating promise better performance in warm climates, but beware! Only CCA and CA ratings are approved by the Battery Council

International(BCI).  In fact, the BCI requires that “CA”-rated products carry a “CCA” rating with equal prominence so that proper comparisons can be made. You can’t really be sure of a rating that is not approved by the BCI.

Presented below is a table which shows the differences between CCA’s, CA’s and HCA’s.

CCA’s CA’s HCA’s
0 F 32 F 80 F
275 340 400
345 430 500
415 520 550
450 560 650
520 650 750
590 740 850
625 780 900
660 825 950
695 870 1000
765 960 1100

To avoid the trap of such marketing gimmicks, you can calculate the approximate CCA from other ratings by the following formulas:

CA (@32  ) X .80 = CCA  and  HCA (@80) X 0.60 = CCA

Which Deep Cycle Battery Do I Choose?

Daily Amphere-Hour Consumption For Your RV

Safety Tips on Charging Batteries

Determining When A Battery is Fully Charged

Why Are My Batteries Discharged

What is the difference between series battery connections and parallel battery connections and how do they increase battery capacity and voltage?

Jump start procedures

Preparing your batteries for winter

Advantages and Disadvantages of using two 12 volt batteries connected in parallel or two 6 volt batteries connected in series.

Testing the battery